According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, New Jersey has the highest concentration of crossing guard workers in the United States. The high percentage of crossing guards in New Jersey is due to the high number of “walker” friendly neighborhood schools. State regulations require busing if a student lives more than two miles from elementary school, and 2 1/2 miles for a high school student. This means that students in the state's smaller districts are expected to walk to school.
New Jersey law (Title 40A:9-154) requires adult school crossing guards to meet the following requirements:
- Is a citizen and resident of the state
- Is sound in body and of good health
- Is of good moral character
- Has not been convicted of any criminal offense involving moral turpitude
The law also requires a minimum of two hours of classroom training and 20 hours of supervised on-the-job training by an experienced adult school crossing guard or police officer. Guards receive a yearly appointment and must be re-appointed each year. Crossing guards
are required to wear an approved safety vest and a distinctive crossing guard uniform with breast and hat badges with ID number.