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April 2007
Volume 3, Number 1

Parking Management Best Practices (2006)

By Todd Litman
(American Planning Association)

Parking Management Best Practices

The parking management strategies described in this book can help planners increase parking facility efficiency and reduce parking demand. Parking management offers an alternative to the traditional model of “predict and provide” parking planning, which has contributed to widespread auto dependency and urban sprawl. Instead of offering plentiful free parking, parking management provides optimal supply and pricing. Its benefits include support for transit-oriented development; reduced stormwater management costs, water pollution, and heat island effects; improved travel options for nondrivers; lower housing costs; and more livable communities. For planners who need to establish more accurate and flexible parking standards, this book is a blueprint for developing an integrated parking plan.

 

Paved Over: Surface Parking Lots or Opportunities for Tax-Generating, Sustainable Development? (2006)

By the Center for Neighborhood Technology —
Albert Benedict, Carrie Makarewicz, Jacky Grimshaw, Scott Bernstein

This study of the Chicago region examines the potential development benefits that could be achieved through more intensive use of surface parking near transit. Investigators compare current economic and social costs of surface parking lots near rail transit stations with the potential benefits if they were developed instead into mixed-use, pedestrian friendly, transit-oriented developments. Site-specific development scenarios were created for Metra Rail parking lots in nine Metra-served suburban communities in Cook County, Illinois. The estimates in these nine scenarios show how the parking lots, if used more efficiently, could generate substantial new residential units and commercial space, thus greatly increasing property tax revenues, estimated in the range of hundreds of thousands of dollars per year.

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Parking_Matters

Parking Matters (2006)

By Urban Land Institute–ULI Northern New Jersey

This monograph describes the challenges of financing structured parking in New Jersey urban areas. It provides information on a wide range of issues affecting the dynamics of design, operations and financing of parking, and offers a “toolbox” of solutions that developers and policymakers may employ to both commence a project and close the funding gap that may arise in the early years of paying for parking garages in Smart Growth communities.

Who Lives in New Jersey Housing? (2006)

By David Listokin
with Ioan Voicu, William Dolphin and Matthew Camp
Center for Urban Policy Research, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

This publication, an update on national work done 20 years ago by Rutgers researchers, produces demographic information on household size and pupil generation that is:

  • current (incorporates the latest demographic data from the 2000 census)
  • New Jersey-specific (contains demographic data unique to the state and is field-tested in New Jersey)
  • incorporates the experience of emerging development categories, most notably TODs

Government and citizens are interested in these population figures because they affect the demand for public services and ultimately public expenditures. This study is not meant to provide the exact number of people or children who will move into a new residential development. Instead, it presents averages of the numbers of people, school-age children, and public school children who tend to locate in different types of development, such as single-family, multifamily, above- and below-median value homes, etc. The study is meant to start the informed dialogue about planning impacts of new development and will be a valuable reference for municipal officials, developers, planners and concerned residents.

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